- Spanish Research Council
The Spanish National Research Council (CSIC) is the largest public institution dedicated to research in Spain and belongs to the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness through the Secretary of State for Research, Development and Innovation. It has a staff of more than 13,000 employees, among these about 3,300 are permanent researchers and about 4,300 are pre- and post-doctoral researchers. The CSIC has 70 fully own institutes or centres distributed throughout Spain. In addition, it has 53 Joint Research Units with universities or other research institutions.
CSIC has a large experience in the field of CO2 capture and Calcium Looping systems through the CO2 Capture Group of the National Institute of Coal. This is demonstrated by its participation in numerous European projects (CaOling, CaO2, ReCaL, CEMPCAP) and the scientific publications generated by its members, among the most cited in the field.
- University of Stuttgart
The Institute of Combustion and Power Plant Technology (IFK) of the University of Stuttgart (USTUTT) has a tradition in the field of energy issues of more than 50 years. USTUTT-IFK is and was acting as coordinator or partner in major European R&D and demo-projects concerning Calcium Looping CO2 capture, Fluidized Bed Combustion, Lime Enhanced Gasification (LEGS) and Absorption Enhanced Reforming (AER) and zero-emission coal processes namely CAOLING, CALMOD, RECAL, C3 Capture, CATS, AER-GAS I/II, C2H, etc.
- Politecnico Di Milano
Politecnico di Milano (Polimi) is the largest Italian technical University, graduating about 18% of the Italian Engineers. Research activity at Polimi is organized through 12 Departments, granted with 280 FP7 and 77 Horizon2020 projects. Among these, Polimi participated in a several projects on the development of novel technologies for CO2 capture and their integration in full-scale plants, namely Caesar, Demoys, Democlock, Cachet II, Ascent, Matesa, Cemcap, Stepwise. In the framework of FlexiCaL, POLIMI activities will be performed by research groups belonging to the Department of Energy (experienced in CO2 capture technologies, Calcium Looping process, power plant engineering and process integration) and the Department of Electronics, Information and Bioengineering (experienced in dynamic modeling and process control).
- Hunosa Group
Hulleras del Norte, S.A (HUNOSA) is a public owned company whose main activity is mining coal but also has an Energy branch that operates a 50MWe CFB Power Plant in La Pereda, Spain. At present, after the diversification of its activities, HUNOSA has become very active in new energy developments. In line with this, the future trends of HUNOSA are routed, by different projects, to the search of clean coal technologies. The company has carried out along the years multiple research projects in different fields, such as CO2 storage (CARBOLAB), minimizing the direct release of methane from mines into the atmosphere (LOWCARB), mine water purification (MANAGER), biomass co-combustion with coal (ECOCOMBOS and PELETIN), mercury emissions reduction (MERCURY CAP), geothermal energy (LOCAL).
Among these projects, it must be highlighted the 1.7 MWth Pilot Plant of CO2 Capture, based on two circulating fluidized bed reactors with the Calcium Looping configuration, located in La Pereda Power Plant. HUNOSA has participated in several projects: CaOling, ReCaL and CaO2. For all of this, HUNOSA has contributed with an extensive experience in CFB and in combustion facilities operation and maintenance, starting up and operating the 1,7MWth Pilot Plant.
- EDF Polska
EDF Polska S.A. holds 10% of the share in the electricity market, and 15% of the share in the district heating market in Poland. Generating companies in Poland principally use coal as fuel. EDF is the second largest recipient of hard coal in Poland and one of the leaders in biomass use for energy purposes. Its consumption in 2010 amounted to 900,000 tonnes. In Poland EDF is owner of the plant in Rybnik (1 775 MW) and combined heat and power plants in Gdansk, Zielona Góra, Torun and Wroclaw.
In 2010 EDF Polska has established R&D department dedicated to develop innovative and sustainable solutions for fossil generation power plants. As a one of priority are activities related to assessment of CCS technology and comprehensive analysis of different aspects of the processes regarding future possible implementation in existing and planned coal-fired power plants. EDF Polska R&D team consists of 14 specialists, experts and project managers. EDF Polska R&D department is strongly cooperating with production departments looking solutions and answering to present and future needs of fossil fuel generation.